RESPOND: Multilevel Governance of Mass Migration in Europe and Beyond Project (2017-2020) (Horizon2020)
Head of Project: Dr. N. Ela GOKALP ARAS (PI)
Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul (SRII) became a part of RESPOND: Multilevel Governance of Mass Migration in Europe and Beyond Project, which is a three-year project (2017-2020) that funded by the European Commission under Horizon2020 Programme. With the goal of enhancing the governance capacity and policy coherence of the European Union (EU), its Member States (MSs) states and neighbours; RESPOND is a comprehensive study of migration governance in the wake of the 2015 Refugee Crisis which is one of the biggest challenges that EU has faced since its establishment. The crisis foregrounded the vulnerability of European borders, the tenuous jurisdiction of the Schengen system and broad problems with multi-level governance of migration and integration. One of the most visible impacts of the refugee crisis has been the polarization of politics in EU MSs and intra-Member State policy (in)coherence in responding to the crisis.
RESPOND will address how policy (in)coherence between EU and its MSs as well as between states differentially positioned as transit, hosting and source countries affect migration governance. Specifically, by delineating interactions and outcomes between national refugee systems and the EU, RESPOND will analyse the reasons behind the apparent policy incoherence.
Bringing together 14 partners from 7 disciplines, RESPOND aims to:
- provide an in-depth understanding of the governance of recent mass migration at macro, meso and micro levels through cross-country comparative research;
- critically analyse governance practices with the aim of enhancing the migration governance capacity and policy coherence of the EU, its member states and third countries.
RESPOND will study migration governance through a narrative which is constructed along five thematic fields: (1) Border management and security, (2) Refugee protection regimes, (3) Reception policies, (4) Integration policies, and (5) Conflicting Europeanization. Each thematic field is reflecting a juncture in the migration journey of refugees and designed to provide a holistic view of policies, their impacts and responses given by affected actors within. The work plan is organized around 11 work packages (WPs) – of which 8 have research tasks. To explore all of these dimensions, RESPOND employs a truly interdisciplinary approach, using legal and policy analysis, comparative historical analysis, political claims analysis, socio-economic and cultural analysis, longitudinal survey analysis, interview based analysis, and photo-voice techniques. RESPOND appears as an innovative research project with its “multilevel research design” and “learning from refugees” approach.
RESPOND’s focus will be on the Eastern Mediterranean route, especially the mass migration triggered by the Syrian Civil War from 2011onward. The countries included in the project and the target refugee populations have been selected accordingly. Our selection is also guided by the significance of the chosen countries as source, transit, and destination countries. The source countries we study are Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. The transit countries we study are Turkey, Lebanon, Greece, Italy, Poland, and Hungary. And the destination countries we study are Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Austria. Although the main focus of this project will be on the Eastern Mediterranean Route, in order to deepen our comparative understanding the project will also look at the Western and Central Mediterranean Routes through macro level analysis of the Sub-Saharan Region countries, in particular Morocco and Libya, as well as the North- Eastern borders of the EU through Ukrainian migration to Poland. All of these routes and relevant third countries are important for the governance of migration and EU external policy.
RESPOND’s consortium consists of renowned universities and institutes from a wide variety of source, transit and destination countries for studying mass migration in line with the topic of the Horizon2020 Call. From 11 different countries, there are 14 partners as it follows:
- Uppsala Universitet/ Sweden (Coordinator)
- The Glasgow Caledonian University/ United Kingdom
- Georg-August-Universitat Gottingenstiftung Offentlichen Rechts/ Germany
- The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge/ United Kingdom
- Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi/ Turkey
- Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul/ Sweden
- Ozyegin Universitesi/ Turkey
- Universita Degli Studi Di Firenze/ Italy
- Panepistimio Aigaiou/ Greece
- Oesterreichische Akademie Der Wissenschaften/ Austria
- Uniwersytet Warszawski/ Poland
- Kobenhavns Universitet/ Denmark
- Lebanon Support/ Lebanon
- The Hammurabi Human Rights Organization/ Iraq
While Uppsala University undertakes the coordinator institution role and the former deputy director of SRII, Assoc. Prof. Önver A. Cetrez is the project coordinator; three consortium partners Istanbul Bilgi University, Özyeğin University and SRII will undertake the research in Turkey. Within the project, SRII will take an intensive role since Turkey appears as a critical country for the study of migration governance, which has been historically a destination, transit and source country. Turkey is currently home to the largest number of refugee seekers in the world and is hosting around 3.4 million Syrians and a critical migration governance actor within the international migration system. SRII will be represented with the research team members include Dr. N. Ela Gökalp Aras (Principle Investigator), Dr. Zeynep Şahin Mencütek, Dr. Elif Çetin and Justyna Szalanska.
RESPOND is officially started by 1st December 2017. As the first event, kick-off meeting of the project was held on 30th November- 3December at the project coordinator institution, Uppsala University with the representatives of 14 project partner institutions.
Respond Project SRII’s Research Team
Principle Investigator and Senior Researcher of Respond Project
Dr. N. Ela Gokalp Aras has B.A. degree in International Relations from Faculty of Political Science, Ankara University (2000) and MSc. (2005) in Sociology from Middle East Technical University. She obtained PhD. Degree in Sociology, from Middle East Technical University in 2013. She holds over seven years of experience in academic and institutional research. Previously, she worked as a lecturer and assistant professor in the International Relations departments in Turkey. Her research and teaching focus on the European integration, EU-Turkey relations, comparative migration and refugee policies (in particular the EU and Turkish asylum and immigration policies), international migration (irregular and transit) and asylum regimes, border management, citizenship, security (in particular human security), international human rights, research and project management and EU-Turkey financial cooperation and projects. She has been publishing many articles in high impact national and international journals, chapters in several edited national and international books and policy briefs. In addition, she has over seventeen years of experience in the field of project management. Recently, she is working as a senior researcher and principle investigator of RESPOND Project at SRII. https://srii.academia.edu/NElaGokalpAras
Senior Researcher of RESPOND Project
Dr. Zeynep Sahin-Mencutek. She holds a PhD degree in the Politics and International Relations from the University of Southern California, US. Previously, she worked as a teaching assistant, lecturer and assistant professor in the International Relations departments in Turkey and in the US. From September 2016 to January 2018, she was affiliated with the Kate Hamburger Kolleg/Center for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg, Germany as an Associate Fellow. Her research expertise lies in comparative migration, diaspora politics, refugee policies, and international relations of the Middle East in which she has an extensive publication record. She is currently working on her first book manuscript titled Refugee Governance, State and Politics in the Middle East under contract with Taylor and Francis-Routledge Global Cooperation Series. The book comparatively examines policy responses of main refugee receiving countries -Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon- to the mass migration of Syrians. The study seeks to answer the question of how and why these states’ responses vary across policy areas and their governance patterns shift over time. She is experienced in working for the migration projects as a researcher and involving in production of scholarly publications. https://gcr21.academia.edu/ZeynepSahin
Senior Researcher of RESPOND Project
Elif Çetin (PhD, Cantab) is a Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge and a Research Associate at the Von Hügel Institute, St Edmund's College, University of Cambridge where she recently completed a collaborative project funded by the Charles Plater Trust on the role of religious NGOs working in the field of migration in the UK. Since September 2017, Elif is also affiliated with Yaşar University as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Sociology. She holds a Ph.D. from the Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge. Her doctoral thesis is titled “Political Debates, Policy Objectives and Outcomes in British and Italian Immigration Politics, 1997-2010”. Previously, Elif earned an M.A. degree from the Department of Political Science, University of Leiden (The Netherlands) and a B.A. from the Department of International Relations, University of Bilkent (Ankara). She was a visiting scholar at the European University Institute (Florence) and the Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS) (Oxford). Elif’s research interests and experience include politicisation of immigration, UK and Italian immigration politics, political discourse formation, and development of immigration control policies in Europe. She has supervised and published on European politics, politics of immigration control in the UK and Italy, and populist right-wing parties. Her research at the VHI looks at ethical and faith-based aspects of NGO services in the field of migration. http://www.vhi.st-edmunds.cam.ac.uk/directory/cetin
Researcher of RESPOND Project
Justyna Szalanska is pursuing her PhD at the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies at the University of Warsaw, Poland. Her PhD dissertation focuses on a category of national identity and its materialization in Turkey’s foreign policy. She did her M.A. Diploma in International Relations and B.A. Diploma in Turkish Studies at the University of Warsaw. In 2011 Ms Szalanska was a Research Trainee at the BILGESAM, a Turkish think tank. In 2014 she was awarded TUBITAK Scholarship for Foreign Researchers in Turkey, hence from November 2014 until May 2015 she was a Research Fellow at the Center of International and European Research at the Kadir Has University (Turkey). Her research interests focus on European integration, identity issues in Turkey and Europe, citizenship policies and refugees and asylum seekers protection policies. Ms Szalanska is also a co-author of a short documentary on refugee perception in Poland ‘Bez komentarza’ (‘Without a comment’) produced by museum POLIN (2016).